Each player then builds a wall, two tiles high and 18 tiles long.
Each wall is then moved to the centre of the table until they meet. The walls are
pushed together so that each left end stands outside the right end of the adjacent
wall. It’s actually of no consequence - just one of the formal ceremonies that gives
Mah-Jong its character.
The wall symbolises the Great Wall of China. The four walls must touch to prevent
dragons or evil spirits entering !
Break into one Wall
Determine which wall to break
East Wind throws 2 dice to determine which wall to break. Starting with the wall
in front of East Wind, count anti-clockwise.
Determine where to break the wall
The player who sits where the count ends then throws 2 dice again to determine where
in the wall the break is to be made. Add the numbers from the two throws together.
Starting from the right end of the wall, count towards the left. If the end of
the wall is reached continue counting into the next wall.
Pick up the two tiles at the break point – the two tiles are called loose tiles
– and put them on top of the tiles immediately to the right of the break so that
the top-most tile lies furthest away from the break point. This is the end of the
The tiles on the other side of the break point are the start of the wall. So when
tiles come to be dealt from the wall it will be in a clockwise direction.
The Kong Box
At the end of the wall the last seven pairs of tiles (including the loose tiles)
are moved away from the rest of the wall. These detached tiles are called the kong
box or dead wall.
It’s function is to provide replacement tiles for kongs, Flowers and Seasons. The
loose tiles are taken in turn (the furthest from the end first) and replaced from
the end of the kong box as required.
The session ends in a drawn game when the last tile in the live wall (the one before
the kong-box) has been taken and played without Mah-Jong being called. This is called
Note that the kong box is never replenished from the live wall. If the kong box
is exhausted and another replacement tile is required then the game is drawn.
Deal out the Tiles
East Wind receives 14 tiles and the other players 13 each.
East Wind deals out the tiles starting with himself. Tiles are dealt by (East Wind)
4 at a time, beginning at the start point.
This is done 3 times, dealing to East Wind, South Wind, West Wind and North Wind
in turn. At this point each player should have 12 tiles. East Wind deals out one
more tile to each player following the same dealing sequence. He finally takes one
extra tile for himself.
Each player then arranges his tiles in the tile rack so they cannot be seen by anyone
Select out any Flower or Season Tiles
If anyone has any flower or season tiles then these need to be laid on the table
and replaced by tiles from the kong box.
East Wind starts this process, followed by South Wind, West Wind then North Wind.
Should another flower or season be picked from the wall then this is laid out too,
and replaced immediately from the kong box.